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CHURCHILL - Winston
Churchill, born in Blenheim Palace, Woodstock on 30th November,
1874. son of Lord Randolph Churchill and Jennie Jerome.
In the 1900 General Election
Churchill was elected as the Conservative MP for Oldham.
Churchill was severely criticised
for using troops to maintain order during a Welsh miner's strike.
Churchill became First Lord of the Admiralty in October 1911
where he helped modernize the navy. Churchill was one of the
first people to grasp the potential of airplanes in war and in
1912 set up the Royal Naval Air Service. He also established an
Air Department at the Admiralty so as to make full use of this
After the war Winston Churchill
served under David Lloyd George as Minister of War and Air (1919-20)
and Colonial Secretary (1921-22).
Was appointed as First Lord of the
Admiralty on the outbreak of the Second World War. When Neville
Chamberlain resigned in May, 1940, Churchill replaced him as
Prime Minister. Churchill formed an all-party government that
helped unite public opinion behind the war effort and played an
important role in persuading the US to take part in the war
against Germany and Italy.
Churchill was awarded the Nobel
Prize for Literature. Churchill's health continued to deteriorate
and in 1955 he reluctantly retired from politics. Winston
Churchill died on 24th January, 1965.