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ROYAL KHMER ROUGE
- Communist movement in Cambodia that formed the largest
opposition group to the U.S-backed regime led by Lon Nol. By 1974
the Khmer Rouge controlled the countryside and in 1975 the
capital, Phnom Penh, was captured.
In 1976 Pol Pot came to power and started mass deportations and
From 1978, when Vietnam invaded the country, the Khmer Rouge
conducted a guerrilla campaign against the Vietnamese forces. Pol
Pot retired as military leader in 1985 and was succeded by the
more moderate Khieu Samphan.
In 1991 a U.N brokered peace treaty between Cambodia's four
warring factions gave the Khmer Rouge its share of
representations in the ruling Supreme National Council. The
treaty failed to completely disarm the movements guerrilla army
or to win a renunciation of the guerrilla's goak of gaining
domination of Cambodia.