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- Prison camps for civilians in wartime.
The first concentration camps were
devised by the british during the second boer war in south africa
in 1899 for the detention af afrikaner women and children.
A system of around 5000 camps were
used by Nazi Germany to imprison political and ideological
opponents. The most infamous of these being the extermination
camps of Auschwitz, Belsen, Dachau, Maidanek, Sohibor and
Treblinka. The total number of people who died in these camps
exceeded 6 million, some of the victims were subjected to
horrendous medical experiments before being killed.
After the war many camp officials
were tried for war crimes, and were executed or imprisoned. The
most prominent being Adolf Eichmann who was the architect of the
extermination system, who was tried and executed by the state of
Isreal in 1961.